Category: minister

twixnmix:

Malcolm and Martin, closer than we ever thought

The Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. was leaving a news conference one afternoon when a tall man with a coppery complexion stepped out of the crowd and blocked his path. Malcolm X, the African-American Muslim leader who once called King “Rev. Dr. Chicken-wing,” extended his hand and smiled.

“Well, Malcolm, good to see you,” King said after taking Malcolm X’s hand.

“Good to see you,” Malcolm X replied as both men broke into huge grins while a gaggle of photographers snapped pictures of their only meeting.

That encounter on March 26, 1964, lasted only a minute. But a photo of that meeting has tantalized scholars and supporters of both men for more than 45 years.

As the 85th birthday of Malcolm X is marked on Wednesday, history has freeze-framed him as the angry black separatist who saw whites as blue-eyed devils. Yet near the end of his life, Malcolm X was becoming more like King – and King was becoming more like him. “In the last years of their lives, they were starting to move toward one another,” says David Howard-Pitney, who recounted the Capitol Hill meeting in his book “Martin Luther King, Jr., Malcolm X, and the Civil Rights Struggle of the 1950s and 1960s. “While Malcolm is moderating from his earlier position, King is becoming more militant,” Pitney says.

Malcolm X was reaching out to King even before he broke away from the Nation of Islam and embraced Sunni Islam after a pilgrimage to Mecca, says Andrew Young, a member of King’s inner circle at the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, the civil rights group King headed.“Even before his trip to Mecca, Malcolm used to come by the SCLC’s office,” Young says. “Unfortunately, Dr. King was never there when he came." 

He reached out to King and other civil rights leaders. In 1965, Malcolm X traveled to Selma, Alabama, where King was leading a campaign, to offer support. "Brother Malcolm was definitely making an outreach to some civil rights leaders,” says A. Peter Bailey, an original member of the group Malcolm X founded, The Organization of Afro-American Unity, and a friend of Malcolm X. “He believed that the one who would be most responsive would be Dr. King.”

The Muslim leader had developed an appreciation for King, Bailey says.“He had come to believe that King believed in what he was doing,” Bailey says. “He believed in nonviolence; it just wasn’t a show. He developed respect for him. I heard him say you have to give respect to men who put their lives on the line.”

King’s movement toward Malcolm began as he shifted the civil rights movement to the North, friends and scholars say. During the last three years of his life, King became more radical. He talked about eliminating poverty and providing a guaranteed annual income for all U.S. citizens. He came out against the Vietnam War, and said American society would have to be restructured.He also veered into Malcolm X’s rhetorical territory when he started preaching black self-pride, says Pitney.

“King is photographed a number of times in 1967 and ‘68 wearing a ‘Black is Beautiful’ button,’ ” Pitney says.

A year before King died, the journalist David Halberstam even told him he “sounded like a nonviolent Malcolm X,” Pitney says.

In the epic PBS civil rights series, Coretta Scott King, the civil rights leader’s widow, said King never took Malcolm X’s biting criticisms of his nonviolence stance personally. “I know Martin had the greatest respect for Malcolm …,” she said. “I think that if Malcolm had lived, at some point the two would have come closer together and would have been a very strong force.”

(via CNN)

Martin Luther King Jr. and

Coretta Scott King

with their daughter, Yolanda Denise King at Dexter Avenue Baptist Church

in Montgomery,1956.

3/16/1964- New York, NY: New York City boycott leaders Representative Adam Clayton Powell, D-NY., Reverend Milton A. Galamison and Malcolm X are shown at Siloam Presbyterian Church in Brooklyn before the March 16 boycott of city public schools. The protest against segregation was only half as effective as the earlier one on Feb. 3 (267,545 pupils took part, compared with 464,362 last time), but leaders called it a success considering its lack of support from major Civil Rights groups which helped sponsor the first one.

Malcolm X photographed by John Hopkins in Notting Hill, London, December 1964.

twixnmix:

Martin Luther King Jr. enjoys Sunday dinner

at home

after church with his wife Coretta and their children Yolanda, Marty, Dexter, and Bernice on November 8, 1964.

(Photos by Flip Schulke) 

Malcolm X photographed by Burt Shavitz, June 1964.

twixnmix:

Coretta Scott King, Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. and their children at Ebenezer Baptist Church in

Atlanta, Georgia on

November 8, 1964. 

(Photos by Flip Schulke)

Aretha Franklin with her father,

Bishop C. L. Franklin (1915 – 1984), and her sister, fellow singer Carolyn Franklin (1944 – 1988) in New York, 1971. 

C. L. Franklin served as the pastor of New Bethel Baptist Church in Detroit from 1946 to 1979. The church was a commonplace for orgies which Ray Charles described as a ‘sex circus.’ In 1940, while married to his daughter’s mother, Barbara Siggers,

C. L. Franklin

fathered a daughter, Carl Ellan Kelley (née Jennings), by Mildred Jennings, a 12-year-old girl in his New Salem Baptist Church congregation. Aretha also became pregnant at the age of just 12 in 1954. She gave birth to a baby boy she named Clarence Franklin, after her dad

on January 28, 1955. Rumors swirled that her own father was the father of her first child but it was Donald Burk, a guy she knew from school.

At the age of 14 on January 22, 1957,

Aretha

had a second child named Edward Franklin after his father Edward Jordan. In 1979,

C. L. was shot during an attempted robbery. 

He remained in a coma until his death in 1984. Carolyn, the youngest of C. L. Franklin’s 6 children died of breast cancer in 1988.

(Photos by Anthony Barboza)

Malcolm X, African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist seen here shortly after his visit to Marshall Street in Smethwick on

February 12, 1965. The human rights activist visited Smethwick, near Birmingham, which had become a byword for racial division following the 1964 general election. Malcolm X was assassinated nine days later on his return to the United States.

(Photos by Birmingham Post and Mail Archive/Mirrorpix)

twixnmix:

Malcolm X photographing his favorite subject, mentee, brother and friend Muhammad Ali.

Where are these pictures? Imagine an exhibit of Malcolm X photos!