Fidel Castro at the Hotel Theresa in Harlem, September 1960.
After Malcolm X helped arrange his stay
in Harlem, Castro had a series of meetings held at the
Harlem was a more gracious host to Castro than high-society Midtown had been. Crowds gathered outside the Hotel Theresa, as the honored guest held court in his room. He received official visits from foreign leaders—like Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev, Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, and New York NAACP President Joseph Overton.
When Castro was not invited to a luncheon given by Dwight D. Eisenhower for other Latin American leaders, he put together a lunch for the Hotel Theresa’s working-class black employees. The luncheon made for some great photo opportunities, giving Castro a chance to re-emphasize his preference for Harlem and its inhabitants over the fancier parts of Manhattan.