On this day in music history: October 10, 1970 – “Cracklin’ Rosie” by Neil Diamond hits #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 for 1 week. Written by Neil Diamond, it is the first chart topping single for the prolific Brooklyn, NY born singer, songwriter and musician. Diamond is inspired to write the song while on a trip to Toronto, Canada. A medical missionary tells him a story about a Native American tribe that had more men than women, and how the men without women would buy and drink bottles of Rosé wine in lieu of female companionship. “Cracklin Rosie” is recorded at Sound Recorders in Hollywood, CA in the Spring of 1970. Issued as the first single from the album “Tap Root Manuscript” on July 30, 1970, it quickly becomes a smash. Entering the Hot 100 at #62 on August 22, 1970, it climbs to the top of the chart seven weeks later. The single is also Diamond’s breakthrough hit outside the US, peaking at #3 on the UK chart and #2 on the Australian singles chart. “Cracklin’ Rosie” is certified Platinum in the US by the RIAA.