On this day in music history: October 10, 1902 – Luthier Orville H. Gibson establishes the Gibson Mandolin Guitar Mfg. Co., Ltd. in Kalamazoo, MI. Gibson begins crafting mandolins in his home workshop beginning in 1894, being the first to build mandolins and guitars featuring hand carved arch tops, similar to the tops on violins and other classical string instruments. Gibson is granted a patent for his unique design. These innovations help to further popularize these instruments, in part by making them more durable and louder when played. When demand for Gibson’s instruments becomes too great for his small shop, he makes plans to expand his business with other luthiers and craftsmen helping him build instruments. The company eventually becomes known as the Gibson Guitar Company, who come forth with many innovations in stringed instruments. They revolutionize the development of the acoustic and electric guitars.